Magi Mike's Blog

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Ancient Fortress in Tel Aviv Downdated by over 300 Years

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Dr Alexander Fantalkin and Dr Oren Tal of the Department of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University have published new research on an ancient fortress in Tel Aviv. Tel Qudadi, in the heart of Tel Aviv at the mouth of the Yarkon River, was first excavated more than 70 years ago—but the final results of neither the excavations nor the finds were ever published. It is typical of finds by Jewish and Christian “archaeologists” that do not uphold their biblical preconceptions and prejudices—having trashed the site, they just do not publish what they have found.

As with many ancient buildings of any substance in Israel, previous Christian and Jewish “scholars” have assigned it to Solomon, because of their bias towards the reality of the ancient biblical Jewish king. Nothing in history and archaeology outside the Jewish scriptures has anything to say about this unlikely emperor. He is supposed to have controlled a powerful empire stretching from Egypt on one boundary to Babylonia on the other, but no one in actual history ever noticed. The fantasies constructed to explain real archaeology in the past illustrate the utter foolishness of assuming that ancient myths are true history and making historical reconstructions based on them.

Solomon’s empire is dated from the bible’s own false history to the tenth century BC, and so this fortress was dated to that same period, not on the basis of any archaeology, as it was never published! The biblicist historians even knew Solomon was concerned to defend the approach from the Mediterranean sea, and prevent possible hostile raids against inland settlements located along the Yarkon River, even though he was entirely a figment of the scriptural authors, probably around 300 BC.

The fortress confirmed for these fantasists that the mythical Solomon had an advanced maritime policy in the days of the “United Monarchy”, another imaginary political entity, unless it is considered to have been the northern kingdom, which alone existed in real history at this time—the time of Omri. Indeed, others, hardly any less biased, decided the fortress was built in the 9th century BC when the Kingdom of Israel first existed, possibly therefore by Omri.

The Tel Aviv University researchers, having excavated the site more carefully and professionally, and published their work, have come to more modest but more sensible conclusions. The fortress at the earliest is 700 years BC, much later than the previous suggestions.

It associates the fortress with the Assyrians, a genuine empire of the time, and the importance to them of the trade conducted in the eastern Mediterranean for them by their subjects, the Phœnicians. The Assyrians built up a formidable empire from Mesopotamia in the latter part of the eighth century, and which incorporated Israel for most of the 7th century BC. Tel Qudadi, at this time rather than 300 years earlier, was more convincingly built as a sanctuary and stopping point on the maritime route between Egypt and Phoenicia, serving known Assyrian imperial interests, not Solomon’s, along the Levantine coast. Assyrians invested much effort in the routing of commerce to maximize concomitant taxes. Although maintained by local people, the fortress served the interests of the Assyrian empire in the region, and can be seen as part of a network of fortifications and trading posts along the coast.

Among the “anchor” finds useful for dating was an amphora from the Greek island of Lesbos, and an assemblage of local ceramics. The amphora is the earliest example of the Lesbian amphorae discovered so far in the Mediterranean, including the island of Lesbos itself. The amphora shows that the Phœnician trade routes extended into the Aegean Sea, but its presence here means Lesbian amphora production began earlier than had been believed, or that the dating of the fortress to around 700 BC is itself, still too early!

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Written by mikemagee

28 December, 2010 at 10:55 pm

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